This article offers you with a wholesome idea regarding the biology syllabus for CUET UG 2023 and the preparation strategy. You must remember to be syllabus-specific while preparing and have a detailed approach. Thus, you must start your preparation without losing anymore time. This will provide yourself with the best opportunity to gain entry into the best universities in India.
Biology is one of the subjects offered for examination in CUET UG 2023 and it is listed under Domain-specific subjects in Section II. Moreover, Biology is considered as one of the many exciting courses. This course has has attracted the attention of a wide range of students in recent years. People generally are bound by the myth that Biology is bound to medicine. However, it is not so. Biology mainly studies life and all living organisms. Thus, by choosing Biology as a UG subject, you will be introduced to an opportunity for research and exploration in various branches of biology. This article gives you a detailed discussion of the biology syllabus and a strategy for its preparation.
Syllabus for CUET UG 2023 Biology
UNIT I – Reproduction
Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for the continuation of species; Modes of reproduction – Asexual and sexual; Asexual reproduction; Modes- Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in plants.
Sexual reproduction in flowering plants: Flower structure; Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination – types, agencies, and examples; Outbreedings devices; Pollen-Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events – Development of endosperm and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes – apomixis, parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; Gametogenesis – spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle; Fertilisation, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary idea).
Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases(STD); Birth control – Need and Methods, Contraception and Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP); Amniocentesis; Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies – IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness).
UNIT II – Genetics and evolution
Heredity and variation: Mendelian Inheritance; Deviations from Mendelism – Incomplete dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles and Inheritance of blood groups, Pleiotropy; Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Chromosomes and genes; Sex determination in humans, birds, honey bee; Linkage and crossing over; Sex-linked inheritance – Haemophilia, Colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans – Thalassemia; Chromosomal disorders in humans; Down’s syndrome, Turner’s and Klinefelter’s syndromes.
Molecular Basis of Inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; Structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; Central dogma; Transcription, genetic code, translation; Gene expression and regulation – Lac Operon; Genome and human genome project; DNA fingerprinting.
Evolution: Origin of life; Biological evolution and evidence for biological evolution (Paleontological, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular evidence); Darwin’s contribution, Modern Synthetic theory of Evolution; Mechanism of evolution – Variation(Mutation and Recombination) and Natural Selection with examples, types of natural selection; Gene flow and genetic dirft; Hardy-Weinberg’sprinciple; Adaptive Radiation; Humanevolution.
UNIT III – Biology and Human Welfare
Health and Disease: Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (Malaria, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm); Basic concepts of immunology – vaccines; Cancer, HIV and AIDs; Adolescence, drug and alcohol abuse.
Improvement in food production: Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, Biofortification; Apiculture and Animal husbandry.
Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and biofertilizers.
UNIT IV – Biotechnology and its applications
Principles and process of Biotechnology: Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA technology).
Application of Biotechnology in health and agriculture: Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy; Genetically modified organisms – Bt crops; Transgenic Animals; Bio safety issues – Bio piracy and patents.
UNIT V – Ecology and environment
Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; Population and ecological adaptations; Population interactions – mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; Population attributes – growth, birth rate, and death rate, age distribution.
Ecosystems: Patterns, components; productivity and ecomposition; Energy flow; Pyramids of number, biomass,
energy; Nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); Ecological succession; EcologicalServices – Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release.
Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of Biodiversity; Patterns ofBiodiversity; Importance of Biodiversity; Loss of Biodiversity; Biodiversity conservation; Hotspots, endangered organisms, extinction, Red Data Book, biosphere reserves, National parks and sanctuaries.
Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; Water pollution and its control; Agrochemicals and their effects; Solid waste management; Radioactive waste management; Greenhouse effect and global warming; Ozone depletion; Deforestation; Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues.
Preparation Strategy for CUET UG 2023 Biology
Analyze the Syllabus
There are only five chapters in the CUET UG 2023 Biology syllabus. However, it is further divided into several subtopics which are divided further into various small segments. One should be fully familiarised with the syllabus before starting their preparation.
Understand the Exam Pattern
Understanding the Exam Pattern helps the students in understanding the structure of the paper, question types and portions that have a high weightage in the syllabus. In the preparation process, this serves as a crucial element.
A suitable Preparation Strategy
It is an utmost necessity to have a proper plan which will suit you. You must be able to prioritize the 5 units depending on your strength. Moreover, your grip over them would help you pave a better pathway. A fixed routine and timetable followed strictly will help you in aceing this exam.
Pratice using Mock Test
You will be able to definitely attain perfection through practice. Practice and revise through mock tests once you complete the syllabus. Thus, you can get a hold of your preparation level and manage time effectively.
Therefore, this article offers you with a wholesome idea regarding the biology syllabus for CUET UG 2023 and the preparation strategy. You must remember to be syllabus-specific while preparing and have a detailed approach. Thus, you must start your preparation without losing anymore time. This will provide yourself with the best opportunity to gain entry into the best universities in India.
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