Students from China and India form the largest student population as about a third of the world’s population aged between 20 and 29 live in these two countries.
Indians studying in economically developed countries are the most likely to stay back in their host country. They join the local workforce, according to a report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The ‘International Migration Outlook 2022’ report provides an overview of the trends in international migration flows. Students from China and India are the largest share of foreign students in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries.
About one-third of the world’s population aged between 20 and 29 live in these two countries. Indian students are more likely to stay back on extended permits along with holding a work permit of five years. The stay rate of Indian students is higher than the overall international student population.
However, a larger proportion of Chinese students choose to leave their host country after their education. Indians display a faster transition rate than the Chinese when it comes to transition from student visas to work permits.
In Germany in 2020, Chinese students on study permits who had come to the country in 2015 was 23% when compared to only 10% of Indians. This shows that most Indians have already taken up work permits. Among students in Canada in 2015, 71% of Indians already had a work permit in 2020. However, only 18% of Chinese had a work permit.
In the United States, Indian students usually transition in large amounts from a study permit to a temporary high-skilled permit. This was reported to increase to 60%. However, Chinese nationals accounted for only 23% of direct transitions. Moreover, more Indian students are enrolled at the masters or PhD level which offers a quicker transition to the labour market.
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