Courses Other Than MBBS for Students Interested in Biology after Class 12

Courses Other Than MBBS for Students Interested in Biology after Class 12

This article offers you a comprehensive understanding of the top courses in biology after Class 12 apart from MBBS. Also, you can get an idea of the major universities that you can choose to pursue your desired course from them.

In the present scenario, MBBS is not the only course that students of the Biology stream can pursue. Students who have chosen the biology stream can pursue various career paths that are recognized well and give them opportunities to explore the different branches of biology through research and scrutiny.

A general myth surrounding the career of Biology students is that they are capable of only opting for MBBS or other paramedical courses. However, this scenario has been changing steadily with other courses becoming increasingly popular.

This article offers you a comprehensive understanding of the top courses in biology after Class 12 apart from MBBS. Also, you can get an idea of the major universities that you can choose to pursue your desired course from them.

Biology is not only the study of general medicine. It is a study of life and living organisms. Therefore, biology consists of a wide-range of sub-branches that can be explored by students of interest after their schooling.

Below are some of the major interdisciplinary specializations that can be pursued by students apart from MBBS:

  • Zoology         
  • Botany
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology 
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry 
  • Bioinformatics
  • Environmental Science          
  • Molecular Biology
  • Physiology     
  • Food & Agricultural Technology
  • Biomedical Science   
  • Marine Biology         
  • Biotechnology

The Major Specializations that can be explored by the students under the field of Biology include:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Botany
  • Molecular Biology
  • Plant Physiology
  • Biotechnology
  • Zoology
  • Cell Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Genetics
  • Mycology
  • Ecology
  • Theoretical Biology
  • Immunology
  • Phycology
  • Marine Biology
  • Parasitology
  • Photobiology
  • Virology
  • Radiobiology

Courses that can be opted for by Biology Students after Class 12

The above excerpt must have helped you to familiarize with the various specializations that can be considered in Biology. Following this, the next step is to choose the right undergraduate degree. This degree must essentially align with your interests and the career that you aspire to choose.

Below are a list of the top courses that one must be choosing if they are interested in Biology after 12th apart from MBBS:

  • Bachelors in:
    • Veterinary Sciences
    • Pharmacy
    • Molecular Biology
    • Neuroscience
    • Biochemistry and Cell Biology
    • Molecular Bioengineering
    • Biomedical Science
  • Bachelor of Science in:
    • Nutritional Biology
    • Microbiology
    • Nursing
    • Toxicology
    • Biochemistry
  • Bachelor of Technology
    • Genetic Engineering
    • Food Technology
    • Biotechnology

In the below section, you can explore in detail some of the popular courses that can be pursued after Class 12 except Biology.

Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences

Bachelor in Veterinary Sciences is the most popular course that can be chosen by Biology students after Class 12. The primary aspects dealt by Veterinary Sciences is the medical aspects of the anatomy of animals.

You can look for job opportunities in various government as well as private sectors. Some popular job opportunities include Veterinary Officer, Veterinary Doctor, Animal Breeder, Social Animal Worker, Veterinary Surgeon and Animal Scientist.

Bachelor of Pharmacy

Students can enrol in Bachelor of Pharmacy or B.Pharm. which is a four-year undergraduate degree program after passing the class 12 board exams. This course is considered a prerequisite for becoming a pharmacist as Pharma Science is mainly concerned with the methods that are used for the production and delivery of medicines.

In order to enrol in a B.Pharm. course, students must have completed the Class 12 board examination successfully with subjects including Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. They must have secured a cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of at least 50 per cent in order to be eligible to enrol in this course.

Some of the job opportunities after completing a Bachelor of Pharmacy include Medical Writer, Clinical Research Associate, Drug Safety Associate, Drug Inspector, Pharmaceutical Scientist, Formulation Development Associate, Sales/ Marketing Executive, Pharmacy Business and QA/QC Associate.

Bachelor in Molecular Biology

The field of molecular biology includes Chemical Biology, Cell biology, biophysics, genetics and biochemistry. Thus, it is a mandate to have a foundation in other disciplines such as chemistry, mathematics, physics, and computer sciences in order to be eligible for this course.

Some of the popular jobs that one can choose after completing a bachelor\’s in Molecular Biology include Assistant Pharmacist, Assistant Pharmacy Director, Bioinformatics Scientist, Bioinformatics Technician, Food Processing Engineer and Marine Engineer.

Bachelors in Neuroscience

Candidates are provided with a thorough understanding of neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and neuropathology through Bachelor in Neuroscience. Due to the development of cutting-edge technology called neuroscience, modern society has undergone a full transformation.

Thus, there has been a growing popularity in this field due to the technological revolution. The course broadly covers the study of human nervous systems and the working of the brain. Various state-of-the-art technologies are utilized in order to provide the best coursework.

Some of the popular jobs that one can opt for after the completion of Bachelor\’s in Neuroscience include Neuroeconomist Consultant, Pharmacological/ Healthcare Consultant, Scientific Journal Editor, Neurobiologist, Professor and Biochemist.

Bachelor of Science in Nutritional Biology

Through the Bachelor of Science in Nutritional Biology, a full-time undergraduate degree is offered in nutrition and dietetics. The program is for three years and students who have been pursuing biosciences are keenly interested in it.

A variety of subjects are covered in the field of nutrition and dietetics science. Such fields include strategies for creating a good diet for people, the elements of a balanced diet, food management, healthy habits in eating and management of lifestyle.

After completion of the course, a candidate may choose to pursue a Master of Science in nutrition and dietetics. However, he/ she may also choose to work as a nutritionist or dietitian in case they have chosen to not pursue higher education.

Some of the popular jobs that can be chosen after pursuing a Bachelor of Science in Nutritional Biology include Clinical Nutritionist, Public Health Nutritionist, Sports Nutritionist, Consultant Nutritionist and Pediatric Nutritionist.

Bachelor of Science in Microbiology

You must consider pursuing Microbiology if you are interested in pursuing your higher education or research about microorganisms. The interaction among various microorganisms is studied in microbiology. It also has various subfields that include virology, mycology, etc.

A Microbiologist may also pursue their research in pathology. This field helps in broadening the perspective by exploring various fields other than this being a confined domain. After completion of this course, students can opt for jobs as Research Assistants, Food, Industrial or Environmental Microbiologists, Quality Assurance Technologists, Medical Technologists, Biomedical Scientists and Microbiologists.

Bachelor of Science in Nursing

The Bachelor of Science in Nursing course is suitable for someone who wishes to pursue courses in biology after Class 12th apart from MBBS but at the same time, wishes to work in the health sector. Nursing covers various disciplines from anatomy to community health. It also plays a critical role in child health.

The program focuses on Theoretical study in the initial years. In their final year, students must pursue a six-month internship. This will help them to gain clinical training and experience through health centres.

The jobs that a candidate can pursue after their completion of a Bachelor of Science in Nursing include Staff Nurse, Critical Care Nurse, Nursing Supervisor, Nurse Manager, Nursing Director and OT Nurse.

Bachelor of Science in Toxicology

Toxicology deals with the mapping of the presence of chemicals and toxins in foods. This is through various techniques such as genetics, molecular biology, etc. Thus, a degree in Toxicology will help you to learn about the harmful effects that chemicals pose on various living organisms.

Candidates can work as Industrial Toxicologist, Forensic Toxicologist, Clinical Toxicologist, Regulatory Toxicologist, Environmental Toxicologists and Academic Toxicologists after completing their education in toxicology.

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry

Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry is a 3-year undergraduate program. It aims at providing knowledge in the field of chemical processing within the living organism. This course is a combination of biology and chemistry.

The course includes subjects such as organic chemistry, biochemical dynamics, general chemistry, calculus, molecular biology, genetics, etc. The field has been expanding considerably in recent years.

Candidates can work as a research fellow, scientist, analytical chemist, clinical biochemistry, pharma associate, food safety analyst, etc., after completion of this course.

Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering

Genetic Engineering is one of the revolutionizing branches of Biology. It primarily deals with the introduction, modification and alteration of genetic materials. This field is not confined to biology. It explores advancements in technology that can assist research.

Some of the jobs that a candidate can pursue after their Bachelor of Technology in Genetic Engineering include Assistant Professor, Genetic Counsellor, Junior scientist, Research associate and senior scientist.

Bachelor of Technology in Food Technology

Bachelor of Technology in Food Technology is an undergraduate course which focuses on a wide range of fields including engineering, biology and hotel management. Under Food Technology, one can learn about the production, management and research of food products.

Based on your interests, you can choose your field of work. With advances in production and research in areas such as food preservation and artificial production of food, ample job opportunities have emerged.

Some of the Prospective Jobs under a Bachelor of Technology in Food Technology include Food Technologists, Dietitians and nutritionists. Candidates can also pursue a Master of Technology in Food Technology after completing their bachelor\’s.

Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology

Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology is one of the specialisations in engineering courses. Biotechnology deals with the technological application of biological systems and organisms. This will help to create or modify processes or products for a specific use.

Biotechnology is a combination of technology, research, and development. It is a research-oriented program. It covers the fields of chemical engineering, applied biology and genetic engineering. This study applies to various fields including the use of medicine, living organisms, agriculture, manufacturing and industrial processes.

Candidates can choose to work as a Lab Technician, Medical lab technician, Biotechnologist and Microbiologist after their education in Biotechnology. They can also choose to pursue a Master’s degree after bachelor\’s.

Biology Courses offered by Top Universities

There are numerous medical colleges and universities that offer the above courses. Students can pursue them after the 12th. Below is a list of top universities that offer various specialised undergraduate-level programs in biology apart from MBBS. They include:

  • Bath Spa University  
  • University of Dundee
  • Harvard University
  • The University of Sydney      
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Stanford University
  • University of Derby
  • University of Reading
  • Cornell University
  • London Metropolitan University
  • Swansea University
  • John Hopkins University
  • University of New Brunswick
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
  • Cardiff University


Therefore, the above excerpt provides you with a comprehensive idea of the courses you can pursue in Biology after the 12th except MBBS. The above options are interesting and offer a lot of opportunities to students who wish to pursue them. They will be able to explore various fields with proper motivation and guidance.

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