B.Sc. Physics – Course and Career Options

B.Sc. Physics - Course and Career Options

A Bachelor of Science in Physics deals with the fundamental principles of physics. It mainly explains the way the universe functions. For students who wish to improve their career in the Science Branch, B.Sc. Physics is considered the most demanding course.

B.Sc. or Bachelor of Science in Physics is a three-year undergraduate degree program. The course mainly deals with the significant branch of natural science that studies the motion and functioning of natural objects and phenomena.

The course covers properties and laws of matter. It focuses on the energy they emit and their interactions with each other. All the basic inventions are based upon physics and thus, this field seems to be more fascinating and attracts most students.

For those students who like this subject, this is nothing but a journey of adventure. This course enhances the quantitative argumentation, logical thinking, etc., of a candidate. The course extends an individual\’s knowledge and career base.

Various job opportunities await graduates of B.Sc. Physics in both government and private sectors. Therefore, if someone is interested in learning and exploring Physics, then they should definitely choose to pursue a Bachelor of Science in Physics. They could also opt for higher studies in Physics which include M.Sc. Physics, M.Tech., B.Ed., etc. 

Subject Overview

A Bachelor of Science in Physics deals with the fundamental principles of physics. It mainly explains the way the universe functions. For students who wish to improve their career in the Science Branch, B.Sc. Physics is considered the most demanding course.

The admission to B.Sc. Physics is done on a merit and entrance basis. Many private as well as government colleges in India provide B.Sc. Physics course for students who have completed their 12th boards in science steam.

The fees for this course differ from college to college. There are a lot of career opportunities offered by B.Sc. Physics. The syllabus of the B.Sc. Physics is divided into 6 semesters. After graduation, students can choose to pursue advanced courses like an M.Sc. in Physics, a Doctorate of Philosophy in Physics, etc.

Why should I choose B.Sc. Physics?

A Bachelor of Science in Physics is a crucial branch of science that deals with the basic functioning of this universe in which we live. This branch of science logically explains everything that we see and experience in our day-to-day life. Almost everything that we witness in our everyday life is dealt with by B.Sc. Physics course. This course helps the students in developing their logical and analytical thinking.

Technological development generally finds a direct connection to the advancement in Physics or vice versa. This course opens the door to the most exciting jobs in the world and there are speculations that the demands for such jobs will be rising in the future.

The course includes both modern and classical Physics. This helps the students to form a strong foundation in their course. Topics such as the theory of relativity, quantum physics, electricity, electrodynamics, optics, vectors, magnetism, resistance, etc., are dealt with in this course.

After completing their graduation, students get various job opportunities such as academicians, researchers, lab assistants, technical fields, physicists, etc. In recent years, the demand for Physics has increased. This demand is mainly attributed to the advancement of Technology.  

Who are the best-fit people for B.Sc. Physics?

B.Sc. Physics can be chosen by those students who have completed their Class 12 boards in the science stream. Moreover, it is highly recommended that only students who are interested in B.Sc. Physics must choose this subject as it is a completely technical and application-based course.

Candidates opting for this subject must have the power of imagination and a conceptual mind. Students who have investigative minds can choose this subject as this subject demands analytical ability and logical thinking. Students must also be good in mathematics as this subject is highly relatable to Mathematics.

B.Sc. Physics can serve as an alternative option for students who are not from a medical background and are not keenly interested in the Engineering domain. The course is very versatile. Also, students must possess a logical approach and possess the ability to solve problems in a logical fashion. 

Students choosing B.Sc. Physics, in addition, must possess Research and data analysis skills, Communication skills and Time management and must essentially be Hard working.

Eligibility Criteria for B.Sc. Physics

Students who had opted for PCB/ PCM subjects in their Class 12th or have passed an equivalent examination can for BSc Physics. Moreover, students must have scored at least an aggregate score of 50 per cent in their Class 12.

Students who chose to study Chemistry, Mathematics or Engineering for graduation degree but wish to change their subjects can choose B.Sc. Physics. Also, students who have taken a year\’s break in order to prepare for a competitive examination or for other reasons can choose B.Sc. Physics.

Admission Process for B.Sc. Physics

There are different ways through with B.Sc. Physics admission is done into reputed and prestigious institutions in the country. The process includes:

  • Entrance-Based selection: Entrance exam scores are considered before offering students admissions in various stages such as merit list preparation and counselling process.
  • Centralized admission: Through a centralized portal like AP Degree Online Admission, students are admitted on the basis of their scores in the previous qualifying exam. This includes stages such as the preparation of the merit list and allocation of seats.
  • Direct admission: The institutions provide admissions to the students directly based on their previous qualifying exam scores if the students ace the application process stage.

Generally, students gain admission into this course on merit. However, some top colleges conduct separate entrance examinations. Delhi University generally releases cut-off marks based on merit. However, this year, students were admitted through the CUET examination. Cut-offs, this year, are calculated through CUET scores which may vary from college to college.

Entrance Examination for B.Sc. Physics

The general demand for B.Sc. Physics course is high among students of the science stream. As the level of competition is very high in prestigious colleges, only meritorious students can choose this subject. Certain colleges and universities take admissions through entrance exams. Below are the details of the examinations conducted by universities to induct students into B.Sc. Physics.

GSAT Exam – Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management University conducts this examination offline for an hour for admission into B.Sc. Physics.

IISER Exam – Indian Institute of Science Education and Research conducts this examination for admissions to B.Sc. Physics. The examination is generally in the month of August and September for a duration of 3 hours. 

BHU UET Exam – Banaras Hindu University conducts this examination for admissions to undergraduate courses that include B.Sc. Physics.   

JEE Mains Exam – The selection criteria for admissions to prestigious colleges such as IIT and IISc for B.Sc. Physics course is the Joint Entrance Examination. 

Syllabus of B.Sc. Physics

B.Sc. Physics addresses both theoretical and practical knowledge. It essentially consists of theory classes, practical classes, assignments, project work, internships and examinations. It includes subjects such as:

  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Digital, Analog and Instrumentation
  • Applied Dynamics
  • Waves and Optics
  • Communication System
  • Nanomaterials and Applications
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Digital, Analog and Instrumentation
  • Medical Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Verilog and FPGA-based system design
  • Mechanics
  • Elements of Modern Physics
  • Solid State Physics
  • Embedded System: Introduction to Microcontroller
  • Biological Physics
  • Thermal Physics
  • Digital Signal Processing

Other Discipline-Specific Elective Papers offered include:

  • Experimental Techniques
  • Advanced Mathematical Physics
  • Linear Algebra and Tensor Analysis
  • Embedded Systems – Introduction to Microcontroller
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Physics of Devices and Communication
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Atmospheric Physics
  • Communication System
  • Applied Dynamics
  • Biological Physics
  • Advanced Mathematical Physics – II
  • Verilog and FGPA-based system design
  • Classical Dynamics
  • Digital Signal Processing
  • NanoMaterials and Applications
  • Physics of the Earth
  • Medical Physics
  • Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Other Skill Enhancement Courses offered include:

  • Physics Workshop Skills
  • Computational Physics Skills
  • Electrical circuits and Network Skills
  • Basic Instrumentation Skills
  • Renewable Energy and Energy Harvesting
  • Radiation Safety
  • Engineering Design and Prototyping
  • Applied Optics
  • Weather Forecasting
  • Numerical Analysis

Job Prospects for B.Sc. Physics  

Graduates of Physics can work in both the private and government sectors. Major industries such as Oil and Gas, Aerospace, Engineering, Agriculture, Construction firms, Pyrotechnics Manufacturers, etc., employ Physics graduates. A few of the job profiles that physics graduates can hold include Scientist, Researcher, Statistician, Quality Control Manager and Radiologist.

Future Scope after B.Sc. Physics

Students, after completing their B.Sc. Physics can either go for a job in different areas or choose to complete their higher education in Physics or any other related field. Students gain better jobs after their higher education.

In order to become a professor in the academic field, students can choose to do a Doctorate of Philosophy. They can also choose to pursue a Bachelor in Education program. For quick and better career and growth opportunities, students can check and go for an MBA program.

When it comes to jobs, many reputed government organizations offer jobs to Physics graduates. The prestigious organizations offering jobs to physics graduates include the Centre for Good Governance (CGG), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO), etc.

Many private firms also offer jobs in multiple areas after graduation. Some of the job profiles include Assistant Scientist, Radiation Oncologist, Radiologist, Consulting Physicist, Professor, Lab Supervisor, Research Associate, Teacher, Scientist, Technician, Content Developer, Researcher and Senior Physicist.

Job Profiles for B.Sc. Physics

In order to decide the profile for themselves better, students must be familiar with the nature of the job that they will be pursuing after graduation.

Research Assistant – The research assistant mainly assists research programs at the university. Moreover, they are hired by universities and colleges. 

Lab Technician – A lab technician manages all the equipment in the lab. He also provides basic assistance to all the teachers and students. They mainly supervise the work of the lab.

Consulting Physicist – Physicists generally involve in inventing technologies. They also work on theories and discover elements. 

Technical Assistant – They provide help to the senior engineers in repairing electronic items and assist them in various other ways.

Radiologist Assistant – In this job, physicists assist senior radiologists with their fundamental knowledge of rays, devices and emissions. 

Radiation Oncologist Assistants – Physics help to treat cancer and gain experience in radiation. Radiologists are assisted by physicists to treat cancer patients. This is because Physicists have practical knowledge about radiation and therapies. 

Statistician – Collection and Management of data is the job profile which can be provided to the clients. It is the responsibility of the physicist to provide correct statistical information. 

Top recruiters of Physics Graduates in India in the Government Sector

Top Recruiters of Physics Graduates in India in the Government Sector include:

  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
  • Nuclear Science Centre (NSC) 
  • Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad
  • Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
  • Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO)
  • National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)

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