Bachelor of Science (Hons.) or B.Sc. (Hons.) is a degree in which a student does a major in one particular subject as it is compulsory for students to specialize in one subject. B.Sc. (Hons.) is generally pursued by students who wish to go for higher studies after completing their bachelor’s and a student will study in a more detailed manner than a Regular B.Sc.
Students who wish to pursue higher studies after their bachelor’s are usually advised to opt B.Sc. (Hons.) as having in-depth knowledge in the particular subject will help the student in post-graduation. A student gets the opportunity to learn more and know about the field which will help in achieving more knowledge and experience.
Moreover, a student who opts for B.Sc. (Hons.) is provided with good job opportunities in the fields of research and development. Scholarships are offered for B.Sc. graduates by the government in order to strengthen the research sector and as the government takes an interest in research and development, students can be confident about a promising career in their future.
Students are also given the opportunity to explore other fields such as administration, law, engineering and more in both higher education and job sectors.
Students learn about Science more in detail in a B.Sc. (Hons.) degree and the primary aim of this course is to impart scientific knowledge and skills to students through various methodologies. The course helps the students in understanding scientific facts which can be used to create something new and find various solutions in their professional lives.
B.Sc. (Hons.) course is for a duration of three years. Students must fulfil their eligibility criteria in order to be selected for B.Sc. (Hons.) course. Students who wish to pursue a B.Sc. (Hons.) degree must have completed 10+2 with at least 55 per cent aggregate marks in the science stream whose core is formed by Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology.
An additional eligibility criterion is required for certain colleges and institutions that a student needs to comply with in order to gain admission. Students of reserved categories must show the necessary documents that support their claims. Moreover, the students will have to score the minimum percentage in the qualifying examinations.
There are several entrance examinations that a student must clear to get into colleges and institutions such as Joint Entrance Examination (JEE), Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT), VIT Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE), SRM Joint Engineering Examination (SRMJEE) and Symbiosis Entrance Test (SET).
Top institutions that offer B.Sc. (Hons.) include:
- SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
- All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
- Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
- Christ University, Bangalore
- Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
- Jadavpur University, Kolkata
B.Sc. (Hons.) provides several specializations some of which are mentioned below:
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Mathematics provides detailed knowledge of various mathematics studies such as geometry, calculus, trigonometry and several other disciplines which will help in understanding the structure, quantity and space.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Physics helps the students to gain expertise in several disciplines such as astrophysics, biophysics, astronomy and fluid physics.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Biotechnology provides an integrated study of biology and technology in which students are exposed to various aspects of chemistry, cell biology, computer science, medicine development, genetic engineering, etc.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Botany provides specialization in learning about plant structure their functions, development, classifications and growth of plants along with various other aspects.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Chemistry provides a detailed idea of the composition and properties of metals and their reaction to external and internal stimuli along with various theories and their branches.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Zoology specializes in the understanding of animal life forms by studying animal tissue cells and their molecular structure along with other study topics such as wildlife conservation, animal behaviour, ecology and biochemistry.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Computer Science helps the students in understanding the concepts of computer science and information technology along with focusing on mathematics.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Microbiology course imparts knowledge about microscopy, instrumentation, DNA technology, bioinformatics, Molecular structure and analysis.
- B.Sc. (Hons.) Electronics provides a detailed study of electrical circuits along with topics such as fundamentals of analogue electronics, digital system design, communication, mathematics and optoelectronics.
A student who has completed B.Sc. (Hons.) acquires a salary depending upon the field he/she has chosen to work in. However, the average salary of an entry-level B.Sc. (Hons.) graduate is around Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 25,000 per month. After a few years of experience, the student can earn between Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 70,000 per month on average.
Those who are placed at the highest level can earn a salary of about Rs. 80,000 to Rs. 1,20,000 or more per month depending upon several factors such as qualification of the individual, expertise, experience, nature of the job, company profile and the job location.
Students who have completed B.Sc. (Hons.) have a bright future ahead of them with plenty of opportunities. This field scores high on all fronts be it salary package or job satisfaction and students can choose to become professionals and even researchers in some of the best institutions in the country.
However, doing a master’s degree will be an add-on point for an individual who is interested in making the most out of the career as this additional qualification will make them preferable to someone who has just done a bachelor’s.
Students who have completed B.Sc. (Hons.) have several fields to choose from such as Agriculture Industry, Biotechnology Firms, Cosmetic Companies, Chemical Industry, Chemicals Manufacturing Companies, Educational Institutes, Geological Survey Departments, Forest Services, Hospitals, Heavy Chemical Industries, Medical Research, Industrial Laboratories, Manufacturing and Processing Firms, Pharmaceutical Companies and Petroleum Companies.